If you’re in the ecommerce game, you’ve likely more than once wished your cart abandonment rate wasn’t so high. On average, cart abandonment hovers around 70%, with variations for different industries.

On average, cart #abandonment hovers around 70% #ecommerce #optimization Click To Tweet

That’s a pretty big number! It’s also one that’s almost always needlessly high. Most ecommerce stores can significantly reduce cart abandonment with a few simple tweaks to their checkout process, boosting overall conversions in the process.

Why users abandon checkout?

One of the biggest contributors to a needlessly high abandonment rate is poor checkout design. In fact, ecommerce studies show that “long and complicated” checkout processes are the third biggest contributor to abandonment during checkout.

Chart with reasons for abandonments during checkout“Too long/complicated checkout process” was the third most common reason of checkout abandonment. The second most common was “The site wanted me to create an account”. Source.

So what’s an online retailer to do? In this guide, we’re going to look at 23 checkout optimization tips with which you can improve the ease and effectiveness of your checkout pages. We will learn how to reduce and avoid checkout abandonment. In fact, what you’re about to learn has been not once responsible for a 200% increase in sales.

Not that bad, right?

Let’s dig in into this checkout optimization guide. But before reading this article find out the top 4 reasons why users abandon shopping carts in the episode of Bite-size Ecommerce Optimization.

23-point Checkout Optimization Checklists

To reduce your checkout abandonment rate, review your checkout by asking following questions:

1. Can your customers complete their purchase without registration?

Mandatory signup is the single biggest contributor to cart abandonment during checkout. Always offer the option to check out as a guest, while allowing those customers that wish to sign up (or already have accounts) to easily do so.
Mandatory signup is the single biggest contributor to cart abandonment during checkout.Stadium Goods offers the option for users to check out as a guest or to register, thus appealing both to customers that don’t want to sign up and those that do.

2. For first-time customers, do you integrate registration into the checkout form?

Do you make registration part of the checkout process rather than require separate inputs? If you don’t, you’re likely sacrificing both sales and new account signups.

Checkout optimization tip no. 2. For first-time customers, do you integrate registration into the checkout form? #ecommerce #checkout Click To Tweet
Easy registration for the new visitors in the checkout formASOS offer one-click, seamless sign-up. They don’t ask for an extra set of inputs.

3. Do you ask for customer emails at the beginning of the checkout process so that you can follow them up if they don’t complete an order?

While it’s not usually advisable to add extra stages during checkout, requesting emails can give you an opportunity to get in touch with customers if they don’t complete a purchase.
Ask for customer emails at the beginning of the checkout process so that you can follow them up if they don?t complete an orderDebenhams only ask for the email. No extra information is required.

4. Is the form vertical (linear) with clear labels that don’t disappear when a user fills them out?

Often, customers will need to go back to verify information. Using static or floating labels (that don’t vanish after a customer enters their information) can help streamline this process.
Vertical (linear) form with clear labels that don?t disappear when a user fills them out.Adidas make use of floating labels (that are minimized above the text box) so that customers can keep track of the information they’ve entered.

5. Are there any fields you can get rid of to shorten the checkout form?

Superfluous labels add to the effort needed to complete checkout. Reduce friction by getting rid of them. Do you really need your customers’ mobile numbers? What about their middle names? It is especially important to remember about this point during mobile checkout forms optimization.

Checkout optimization tip no. 5. Are there any fields you can get rid of to shorten the checkout #form? #ecommerce #checkout Click To Tweet

Short and clean ecommerce checkout formArgos presents a simple and clean checkout form. They do not require any unnecessary information from the user (maybe except for the “title”.

6. Do field sizes match the expected size of the input?

Minimizing fields that require a short input will streamline checkout by indicating that minimal effort is required. Similarly, making sure that longer entries have wider fields will enable customers to quickly double-check their inputs.

Checkout form size is suited to the length of information needed.Minimize fields where only short information is required.

7. Do you distinguish between optional and mandatory fields?

If you don’t want to get rid of optional fields entirely, indicate that information is not mandatory.

Checkout optimization tip no. 7. Do you distinguish between optional and mandatory fields? #ecommerce #checkout #optimization Click To Tweet
distinguish between optional and mandatory fieldsStaples clearly show required fields on their checkout form with an asterisk (*) and include “(optional)” next to those that aren’t.

8. Is form validation visible for each field? Do customers know immediately if they have incorrectly filled a form?

If customers have incorrectly entered information, let them know as soon as they move onto the next field. Repeatedly having to submit form information is incredibly frustrating.

Form validationLet you customers know immediately if they have made a mistake. Repeatedly having to submit form information is incredibly frustrating.

9. Do you include advice about how to correct mistakes beneath fields when inputs are incorrect?

If a customer has incorrectly entered information, it’s possible that they’re unsure what is expected of them. Remedy this problem by including prompts and advice.
 Include advice in the checkout form about how to correct mistakes beneath fields when inputs are incorrectRESERVED provides additional information for uncertain customers.

10. Do you use pre-fill options to streamline the entry process?

Do your forms take advantage of pre-fill options? For example, will a full address auto-populate fields based on a zip code?
Pre-fill options in the billing process The Crutchfield form above automatically generates part of an address based on a customer’s Zip Code (it would only be wiser to ask for the zip code earlier!).

11. Do you allow autofill and saved options (such as credit cards) for repeat customers?

If customers have accounts with you, are you letting them take advantage of saved details, like addresses, credit card information and even shipping options?

Auto-save address optionsFor customers with an account Amazon provides an option of saved addresses of previous delivers and remembers customers credit card

12. Do you “encapsulate” credit card entry fields differently to other forms to create a layer of perceived security?

Are forms for payment information designed differently and located in a separate area, on or on a different page, to create a perception of increased security?

"Encapsulate" credit card entry fields differently to other forms to create a layer of perceived securityForms for payment information are designed differently, put in a frame to create a perception of increased security.

13. Do you include visual prompts for credit card details, such as an image of where to find the CVV code?

Customers may not know how to find certain pieces of information, or what a term like “security number” means. Overcome this problem by including small visual cues.
Include visual prompts for credit card details, such as an image of where to find the CVV code on your ecommerce checkoutDebenhams includes a picture showing customers where to find their security number next to the appropriate entry field.

14. Is the label of the main CTA on every checkout step descriptive, for example, “Buy Now” or “Complete Purchase”?

Don’t use the word “Next”. It’s uninspiring and implies further steps.

Descriptive ecommerce checkout CTAExcellent use of “Complete order” CTA.

15. Is the main CTA clearly visible and does it stand out from other secondary CTAs?

Always ensure that your CTA is in a contrasting color and large enough to be seen. On mobile devices, a screen-width button (that can be tapped with either hand) is optimal. Primary CTAs should always be more prominent than secondary CTAs.

Checkout optimization tip no. 15. Is the main #CTA clearly visible and does it stand out from other secondary CTAs? #ecommerce #checkout #optimization Click To Tweet

the main CTA should be clearly visible and shouldn't stand out from other secondary CTAs in the ecommerce checkoutWhile completing the purchase in Zalando, users are not distracted by other secondary CTA. They are sure what is the next step of the process.

16. During registration, do you overcomplicate the password selection process by including unnecessary requirements?

Don’t stipulate that passwords have to be complex unless it’s absolutely necessary. Consider including a password auto-generation option.

Registration to M&S online store with overcomplicated passwordDon’t stipulate that passwords have to be complex unless it’s absolutely necessary. And is it here really necessary to include 8 characters and numbers?

17. Have you simplified the header and navigation?

During the checkout process, you want customers to complete one action. Any on-page elements that move them away from the main form have the potential to add to your abandonment rate. Minimize header distractions and links away from the checkout page.

Minimize header distractions and links away from the checkout page.Minimize header distractions and links away from the checkout page. You want your customers to complete the purchase and not to be disctracted.

18. Have you simplified the footer to prevent customers accidentally clicking away from the checkout process?

Following on from the point above, you should also simplify your footer to ensure that customers’ attention isn’t drawn away or they accidentally click another button.
Simplified ecommerce checkout footerSimply Hike has minimized both footer and header getting rid of all the unnecessary information.

19. Have you included a progress bar when there are multiple checkout steps?

If there are multiple pages involved in your checkout process, let customers know how far they have to go to completion.
Include progress bar so that customers know how far they have to go to completionCustomers are more likely to finish checkout with Debenhams because they know they only have a limited number of steps to complete.

20. Is it absolutely clear that your order summary page, immediately prior to purchase, is not a thank-you page?

Is your order summary or confirmation page, where customers review their purchases before adding payment details or confirming, misleading in any way? In particular, is it clear that it’s not a thank-you page?

Payment confirmation step at Zalando online storeWhile shopping in Zalando customers are sure that they need to do one step more to confirm transaction. It is clear that this is not a thank-you page.

21. Can users make changes to their address on an order summary page (immediately before purchase) without having to go back to the start of the checkout process?

If customers have entered incorrect information, are they able to change it from the order summary or confirmation page without having to go back to previous pages? Including an option to change will reduce friction at this crucial stage.
Including an option to change will reduce friction at this crucial stage.ASOS allow customers to change their billing address from the order confirmation page.

22. Do you offer a wide range of payment options?

Cast the net as widely as possible with payment options, allowing customers to check out with their preferred choice. What’s more, including multiple payment options will create a perception of greater security.
Wide range of payment optionsCrutchfield offers a number of card options AND methods.

23. Do you offer ultra-streamlined checkout options, similar to Amazon One-Click?

Amazon’s conversion rate is uniquely high for a reason. If possible, offer customers the option to checkout with only one or two clicks. It’s the very definition of a frictionless purchase!

Simplified checkoutAmazon offers customers the option to checkout with only one or two clicks.

Checkout optimization is only one of many steps in ecommerce conversion optimization!

Achieving the best possible conversion rate for your online store requires a holistic approach to optimization. You need to pay attention to all your pages, from the homepage to the “About Us”. And your checkout process is one of the most fundamental parts of this mix.

Achieving the best possible #CR for your #ecommerce requires a holistic approach to optimization. Your #checkout process is one of the most fundamental parts of this mix. Click To Tweet

As the checklist above has hopefully shown you, there’s no great complexity to reducing abandonment at this key stage. It’s all about small but vital tweaks that reduce friction, build trust and overcome hesitancy.

Pie graph with 12 points of ecommerce checkout optimization checklistThe most important 12 points from the 23-point optimization chceklist.

Now, time to get your developer on the phone!

Want to Optimize All of Your Store’s Pages? Get Our 115-Point Ecommerce Optimization Checklist

In our exhaustive ecommerce optimization checklist, we’ve covered everything you need to know about optimizing your online store.


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